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The majority of modern passport readers are capable of recognizing an ePassport and confirming that the chip is functioning properly. It is likely that if you travel on a frequent basis, you will have difficulties as additional nations implement this security measure over time (delays and inconvenience while the passport authenticity is confirmed).
Below we will discuss how you can check if a passport chip works
How to check if a passport chip works?
The biometric information in ePassports is carried by a “Near Field Communication” (NFC) chip.
When it comes to modern smartphones, many of them come equipped with an NFC reader, which allows them to read the information contained in an ePassport. If you are able to access that information, then your ePassport is functional. You will most likely be unable to do so since the device is malfunctioning.
Several NFC-enabled apps, such as NFC TagInfo for Android, are available to read the information from a passport. Your passport number, date of birth, and passport expiration date serve as a password for the information stored on the NFC chip, and you will be required to manually enter these before the data from the NFC chip can be displayed.
Does it matter if a passport chip works?
If the chip fails or does not work, the passport continues to be a valid travel document until the expiration date on the page opposite the chip fails. As if you were carrying a passport without a chip, you will continue to be processed by the port-of-entry official.
You will not have any problems passing past immigration with an “invalid” ePassport because no nations are now requiring the usage of electronic passports for entrance.
Contrary to popular belief, immigration officers usually use their common sense when determining what types of passport damage are acceptable and what types are not. It is possible that your passport will be denied entrance if the passport chip, photo page, or any of your applicable visas appear to have been tampered with in any manner.
However, if your passport is in a very poor condition that they cannot be certain it is genuine, you can expect a lot more scrutiny and possibly even denial of admission. However, if the damage is restricted to a few blank pages at the back, they won’t be bothered with it.
However, a valid ePassport (one with a working passport chip) is necessary to use the automated accelerated entry lanes in some countries, such as Australia (SmartGate) and the United States (Global Entry). Using these lanes will not be possible if your ePassport is not in working order; however, if you use the SmartGate and it fails, you will be able to go up to the front of the regular queues.
How to Scan A Passport Chip?
As per intercom, here is how you can scan your passport chip:
- Remove any phone cases or passport covers if you have them (if you have one). There are a variety of reasons why some people are unable to effectively scan the chip, but the most prevalent is that the chip is damaged.
- Place your passport on a level surface, such as a tabletop or a kitchen worktop, with the cover closed.
- Place your phone directly on top of the front cover of your passport so that the two items are in contact.
- Ensure that the top of your phone is aligned with approximately the middle of the front cover of your passport. Not to mention the fact that they must be touching in order for the chip read to function properly!
- If you are unable to successfully scan the chip while holding the phone stationary, please begin at the top of the passport and slowly slide your phone all the way down the front cover until it reaches the bottom of the passport. The placement of the chip reader on each phone is different, therefore doing so allows your phone to locate the chip and begin reading!
- As soon as your phone locates the chip and begins reading it, a progress bar will be displayed on the screen. To allow the reading to take place, you must keep your phone completely still at this point.
What is NFC and how does NFC work?
“Near Field Communications” refers to the ability of two devices to communicate with one other. When the devices are close to each other, this is performed as the name says.
Contactless payments are enabled by NFC technology, so you’ve probably heard of it.
Non-contact communication (NFC) is not a revolutionary new technology. RFID (radio frequency identification) technology has been available for decades and is merely being refined. Using a key card in an office building or hotel room isn’t difficult if you’ve done it before.
Inductive coupling is the underlying basis of both radio frequency identification (RFID) and near field communication (NFC). When an electric current is passed through a coil, the reading device generates a magnetic field. Without any cables or physical touch, a tag (with its own coil) can be activated by a magnetic field. Data on the tag can then be wirelessly sent when the initial handshake has been completed.
The primary difference between NFC and RFID is the latter’s greater communication range. RFID, for example, is used in some locations to automatically collect road tolls. To pay, simply drive through the toll booth with your windshield tag attached. If the RFID tag has a power supply, it can communicate across even greater distances (like 100 feet or more).
Only a few centimeters, at most, is the greatest range of NFC. You’ll also notice that in most smartphone-related applications, the software will only begin communicating if there is physical touch. As the technology is being utilized to convey sensitive data, this is extremely crucial.
NFC devices can also function as both a reader and a tag. One piece of hardware—say, your smartphone—can be used to run many programs at the same time thanks to its bidirectional capability.
Can You Still Use a Damaged Passport?
No problems should arise from normal wear and tear of the passport You may be unable to travel if the harm is more severe. It is critical to remember the following:
- There are no tears or cuts in the pages, which is particularly true of the photo page.
- Everything on the photo page is easy to read and understand.
- There are no marks on your photo or in the Machine Readable Zone (MRZ) on the photo page. Your photo is completely clear.
- There are no pages that have been removed.
- There has been no tampering or change.
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- What to Put Under Occupation for a Passport?
- What is an Issuing Country or Passport Issuing Country?
- What is the purpose of the sticker in a British passport?
- Does your passport number change when you renew it?
- DS 160 – Have you traveled to any countries/regions within the last five years?
- Can a U.S. citizen fly to Mexico without a passport?
- A 52-page United States passport vs. a Regular passport?
- Can you use your passport as an ID?
- What should you do with an expired passport?